The third session of the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee to develop an international legally binding instrument on plastic pollution, including in the marine environment (INC-3), took place from 13 to 19 November 2023 in Nairobi, Kenya.
About the INC Process
For several years, plastic pollution has been a major issue raised at the UN Environment Assembly (UNEA) and other global fora.
In March 2022, Member States participating in UNEA-5 adopted resolution 5/14 – End plastic pollution: towards an international legally binding instrument, recognizing that “the high and rapidly increasing levels of plastic pollution represent a serious environmental problem at a global scale, negatively impacting the environmental, social and economic dimensions of sustainable development”. This historic resolution mandates the UN Environment Programme Executive Director to convene an International Negotiating Committee (INC) to develop and adopt a legally binding instrument on plastic pollution based on a comprehensive approach that addresses the full life cycle of plastics. This landmark decision thus launched the process towards a global plastics treaty, which should be developed by the end of 2024.
Outcomes of Plastics Treaty Negotiations in Nairobi
The third session of the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee to develop an international legally binding instrument on plastic pollution, including in the marine environment (INC-3) concluded in Nairobi on Sunday. At INC3:
- Delegates approved the dates and venues of INC-4 and INC-5, as 21-30 April 2024 in Ottawa, Canada, and 25 November- 1 December 2024, in Busan, Republic of Korea.
- Proposals were made or reiterated to host the Diplomatic Conference by Rwanda and Peru, Ecuador and Senegal. Ecuador has now taken the presidency of the INC process.
- H.E. Amb. Luis Vayas Valdivieso, Ambassador of Ecuador to the United Kingdom, was elected as the next Chair of the INC process, while H.E. Ambassador Gustavo Meza-Cuadra of Peru and Harry Liiv of Estonia were elected vice-chairs, at the conclusion of the Session.
- Delegates mandated the Secretariat to compile a “revised zero-draft text” by 31 December, to be the basis of talks at INC-4.
- There was no agreement on a mandate for the intersessional work.
Plenaries can be rewatched on UNEP Youtube Channel.
INC-3 Press Conference
- In-session documents and submissions
- Draft report of the intergovernmental negotiating committee to develop an international legally binding instrument on plastic pollution, including in the marine environment, on the work of its third session (UNEP/PP/INC.3/L.1) : عربي | 中文版 | English | Français | Русский | Español
- Draft decision on the draft provisional agenda of the fourth session of the intergovernmental negotiating committee to develop an international legally binding instrument on plastic pollution, including in the marine environment (UNEP/PP/INC.3/L.2): عربي | 中文版 | English | Français Русский | Español
- Chair’s guidance for the preparatory day and proposed contact groups to be established at the third session.
- Provisional programme
- Preparatory meeting co-facilitators written summary: عربي, 中文版, English, Français, Русский, Español
- Contact group mandates
Useful analyses and news
- IISD Earth Negotiations Bulletin
- UNEP INC-3 Media Advisory
- Third session of negotiations on an international plastics treaty advance in Nairobi | UNEP Press Release
- Ambition Meets Inertia in Third Session of Global Plastic Treaty Talks | CIEL
- UN INC3 ends in frustration as governments allow low ambition countries to derail Global Plastics Treaty | Greenpeace
- Petrochemical Interests Jeopardize Plastics Treaty Negotiations | #BreakFreeFromPlastic
- Global Plastic Treaty: the show must go on? | Zero Waste Europe
- Oil interests impede plastic treaty progress | China Dialogue | 27 November 2023
- A global treaty to end plastic pollution is in sight | UNDP | 22 November 2023
- Global plastics treaty, third round of negotiations closes without agreement | Tosca Ballerini | 22 November 2023
- Big Oil influence at UN talks thwarts progress towards reaching an effective Global Plastics Treaty | EiA | 21 November 2023
- Progress on plastic pollution treaty too slow, scientists say | Nature | 20 November 2023
- Small victories and major frustrations mark latest round of plastics treaty negotiations | Grist | 20 November 2023
- Frustration as latest talks on global plastic treaty close | France24 | 19 November 2023
- Fossil Fuel Lobbyists Flock to Plastics Treaty Talks as Scientists, Environmentalists Seek Conflict of Interest Policies | Inside Climate News| 19 November 2023
- U.N. plastic treaty talks grapple with re-use, recycle, reduce debate | Reuters | 19 November 2023
- As the third round of the plastic treaty negotiations wraps up in Nairobi, one thing is clear: Someone must go | Magnus Løvold | 18 November 2023
- At talks on cutting plastics pollution, plastic credits are on the table. What are they? | AP News | 17 November 2023
- The waste pickers of Nairobi’s Dandora dump site – in pictures | The Guardian | 17 November 2023
- International Alliance of Waste Pickers Vision for a Just Transition for Waste Pickers under the UN Plastics Treaty
- Smoke and Mirrors. The Realities of Plastic Credits and Offsetting| Break Free From Plastic and Global Alliance Against Incinerator Alternatives | 16 November 2023
- Scientists advocate for strong conflict of interest rules in chemical and pollution policy | Environmental Health News | 16 November 2023
- Fossil Fuel and Chemical Industries Registered More Lobbyists at Plastics Treaty Talks than 70 Countries Combined | CIEL | 15 November 2023
- Popular push to cut plastics runs into fossil fuel opposition at UN conference | The Hill | 15 November 2023
- The global plastics treaty: an endocrinologist’s assessment | Marina Olga Fernandez, Leonardo Trasande | 14 November 2023
- Third session of negotiations on a global plastics treaty opens in Nairobi | UNEP Press Release | 13 November 2023
- What to expect during pivotal talks to end plastic pollution | UNEP | 13 November 2023
- This Week in Nairobi, Nations Gather for a Third Round of Talks on an International Plastics Treaty, Focusing on Its Scope and Ambition | Inside Climate News | 13 November 2023
- Global Plastics Treaty, Iran Surprisingly Announces New Coalition | The Global Coalition For Plastics Sustainability Wants To Water Down The Purposes And Definitions Of The Treaty | Tosca Ballerini | 13 November 2023
- The world is awash in plastic. Oil producers want a say in how it’s cleaned up | NPR | 13 November 2023
- #BreakFreeFromPlastic responds to the formation of a group of ‘like-minded’ plastic-producing countries led by Iran and Saudi Arabia that could counter ambition in the Global Plastics Treaty negotiations | Break Free From Plastics | 13 November 2023
- Plastic pollution – What progress are we making to solve this global environmental challenge? | IKHAPP | 13 November 2023
- Waves of waste: The harsh truth about ocean plastic | DW | 13 November 2023
- Ensuring the role of science in the plastics treaty: insights from Global Plastics Summit | Economist Impact | 13 November 2023
- Artists, activists call for Global Plastics Treaty to end the age of plastic | Greenpeace International
Pre INC-3 Sessions
The first three meetings for the development of the international legally binding agreement on plastic pollution took place in 2022 and 2023. In May 2022, the ad hoc open-ended working group (OEWG) met in Dakar, Senegal. The meeting resulted in a proposed draft rules of procedure for the work of the INC. Member States then met in Punta del Este, Uruguay, from 28 November to 2 December 2022 for the first meeting of the INC to develop an international legally binding instrument on plastic pollution. The second meeting of the INC took place in Paris, France from 29 May to 2 June 2023, resulting in the mandate to the Chair to prepare a zero draft of the treaty ahead of INC-3.
The third session of the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee to develop an international legally binding instrument on plastic pollution, including in the marine environment (INC-3), took place from 13 to 19 November 2023 at the United Nations Environment Programme Headquarters in Nairobi, Kenya. The session was preceded by regional consultations on 12 November 2023. Also as decided by the Committee at its second session, a preparatory one-day meeting took place on 11 November 2023, at the same venue.
At its second session, the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee requested the Secretariat to invite written submissions on (a) Elements not discussed at INC-2, such as principles and scope of the instrument (using Template A), and (b) Any potential areas for inter-sessional work compiled by the cofacilitators of the two contact groups, to inform the work of INC-3 (using Template B). → More information is available in the notification and submissions can be consulted on INC-3 Website.
The scenario note prepared by the Chair with the support of the secretariat was developed to assist Members in their preparations for the third session of the committee and to propose a way forward intended to maximize the limited time available for negotiations. The scenario note should be read in conjunction with the meeting documentation prepared to inform discussions throughout INC-3.
As requested by INC-2 in May 2023, the Chair of the process, with the support of the secretariat, developed the zero draft text of the international legally binding instrument on plastic pollution, including in the marine environment, The draft is guided by the views expressed at the committee’s first and second sessions. The zero draft is available in all six UN languages: Arabic | Chinese | English | French | Russian | Spanish.
The Synthesis report on the submissions received on elements not discussed at the second session, such as principles and scope of the instrument (UNEP/PP/INC.3/INF/1) drawing on the 61 submissions received by Members and the over 100 from observers. It reflects the inputs with regard to the scope, principles and additional considerations of the instrument following the order of the placeholders in the INC Chair Zero Draft Text (UNEP/PP/INC.3/4.3). The Synthesis report aimed to facilitate discussions of the one-day preparatory meeting of 11 November 2023, as well as discussions on these matters at the third session. This document and its contents were intended to facilitate and inform the committee’s deliberations and are in no way intended to prejudge any decision by the committee regarding the structure or content of the future instrument.
Registration and Other Relevant Information
The third session of the INC took place fully in-person. Registration for Members of the Committee closed on 6 October 2023. Information regarding travel support, transportation, accommodation, the venue, badges and more are continuously updated by the Secretariat on the information note for participants, regular consultation is advised.
INC-3 Provisional Agenda
As of 10 July 2023, the provisional agenda for the third session of the INC on plastic pollution contains the following items:
- Opening of the session.
- Election of officers.
- Organizational matters:
(a) Adoption of the rules of procedure;
(b) Adoption of the agenda;
(c) Organization of work;
(d) Dates and venues of subsequent sessions of the intergovernmental negotiating
(e) Provisional agenda of the fourth session.
- Preparation of an international legally binding instrument on plastic pollution, including in the
- Other matters.
- Adoption of the report of the session.
- Closure of the session.
The Chair’s reflection note setting out the proposed approach and general expectations for the preparatory meeting as well as for the third session of the committee, prepared by the Chair of the INC, is available here.
INC-3 Side Events
With the intention of promoting continuity, 12 thematic events were organized on the sidelines of INC-3. All thematic side events took place from 13:30 – 14:45 EAT at the UNON Compound, the same premises as the INC-3, with 3 events to be held in parallel each day. They were held in English only.
In-person regional consultations took place prior to INC-3:
- Asia Pacific Group: 2 October 2023 | Colombo, Sri Lanka
- GRULAC: 16-17 October 2023 | Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
- Africa: 16-18 October 2023 | Kampala, Uganda
- EEG: 27 October 2023 | Geneva, Switzerland
Geneva Beat Plastic Pollution Dialogues
Through the Geneva Beat Plastic Pollution Dialogues, the Geneva Environment Network and its partners support actors in the Geneva community and beyond, that are engaged in the INC process. In the upcoming months ahead INC-3, the co-conveners of the Geneva Beat Plastic Pollution Dialogues organized events dedicated to the upcoming negotiations:
- Science-Policy Interface for Plastic Pollution | Report Launch | 7 November 2023 | 14:00 – 15:30 CET
- Briefing on the 3rd Session of the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee to Develop an International Legally Binding Instrument on Plastic Pollution (Plastic Pollution INC-3) | 12 October 2023 | 14:00 – 15:30 CEST
INC Secretariat Webinars
The INC Secretariat hosted a series of webinars from 22 August to 17 October 2023 to contribute to informing the discussions of the INC-3 . The webinars included initial presentations, followed by a short question-and-answer session. All the webinars were in English only without simultaneous translation. Topics have been selected to complement the webinars in the previous intersessional period and with a view to addressing areas of interest expressed by Members of the Committee.
Webinar 1: Reflections on Institutional Structures in existing MEAs, including science-policy bodies | 22 August 2023 | 15:00 – 16:30 CEST
This session presented the governance structures of selected existing multilateral environmental agreements, including, as relevant, the operation of scientific and technical bodies, that could inform the consideration by the Committee of the institutional arrangements for the future international legally binding instrument on plastic pollution. → Rewatch the session and access the presentations.
Webinar 2: First webinar for observers to share information from their written submissions | 29 August 2023 | 15:00 – 16:00 CEST
This session offered observers an opportunity to present the main ideas and concepts from their written submissions to INC 3. → Rewatch the session and access the presentations.
Webinar 3: Second webinar for observers to share information from their written submissions | 5 September 2023 | 15:00 – 16:00 CEST
This session offered observers an opportunity to present the main ideas and concepts from their written submissions to INC 3. → Rewatch the session and access the presentations.
Webinar 4: Identifying chemicals and polymers of concern | Tuesday 12 September 2023 | 15:00 – 16:30 CEST
This session presented information concerning the determination of chemicals and polymers of concern used in plastic products, including on plastic-related chemicals and polymers covered by existing conventions and national regulatory frameworks, other processes and frameworks in which chemicals or polymers of concern are being considered, and examples of relevant criteria and approaches adopted in national regulations to address chemicals and polymers of concern. →Rewatch the session
Webinar 5: Designing and producing plastic products for circularity | 26 September 2023 | 15:00 – 16:30 CEST
This session presented existing work and initiatives relating to the design and production of plastics and plastic products, including packaging, to support sustainable production and consumption. This included consideration of relevant existing policy frameworks, partnerships and private sector initiatives. → Rewatch the session
Webinar 6: Targets, national plans and national implementation | 3 October 2023 | 15:00 – 16:30 CEST
This session provided an opportunity to consider the role played by national plans, including national action plans and national implementation plans, as well as other forms of national commitments towards the achievement of the objectives of multilateral environmental agreements and the implementation of obligations under such agreements. This session explored existing examples of such frameworks, that could inform negotiators in the development of the plastics instrument. → Rewatch the session
Webinar 7: Bridging the gap towards safe and sustainable management of plastic waste | 10 October 2023 | 15:00 – 16:30 CEST
This session explored what environmentally sound management (ESM) of plastic waste entails, including in terms of infrastructure investment and access to technology, and opportunities to mobilize resources towards enhancing the capacity to manage waste effectively. Socio-economic and human health dimensions of sustainable waste management, including the protection of waste workers’ health were addressed. →Rewatch the session
Webinar 8: Organization of work at INC-3 (including preparatory meeting) and presentation of the zero-draft text | 17 October 2023 | 15:00 – 16:30 CEST
This session provided a presentation of the expected organization of work at INC-3, including a presentation of the zero-draft text of the instrument mandated at INC-2 to be prepared by the Chair, and other official documents prepared for the meeting. → Rewatch the session and access presentations
Other Preparatory Sessions
Centre for Science and Environment End Plastic Pollution Global Dialogues
The Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) End Plastic Pollution Global Dialogues: Perspectives from Thought Leaders – is a series of multi- stakeholder dialogues aiming to stimulate discussions and reinforce further engagement among key actors in the Global South – from opinion leaders to policymakers to the common citizens who are actively rethinking the way we produce, use, trade, distribute and manage plastics.
- Webinar 1 | 6 September 2023 | 17:00 CEST | Zoom
WHO Health and Plastics Dialogues
The WHO Health and Plastics dialogue series hosted four dialogues ahead of INC3, which aim to i) increase the understanding of health actors regarding the INC process and the relevance of this treaty to health; ii) increase the understanding of non-health actors about health issues and risks under the proposed plastics treaty, and to iii) seek participants views on how health should be reflected in the treaty in light of the intersections between plastic pollution and health; and the potential role and contribution of WHO and other health stakeholders to the development and implementation of the plastics treaty.
- Webinar 1: Key issues for health in the plastics treaty | 18 September | 13:00 to 15:30 CEST
- Webinar 2: Health risks of plastics | 23 October 2023 | 13:30 CEST
- Webinar 3: One Health | 2 November 2023 | 14:30 CET
- Webinar 4: Plastics in Healthcare | 8 November 2023 | 14:30 CET
Norway and the Nordic Ministers of the Environment report launch during the UN General Assembly
Norway and the Nordic Ministers of the Environment launched a report “Towards Ending Plastic Pollution by 2040 – 15 Global Policy Interventions for Systems Change” during the UN General Assembly on 19 September 2023 from 22:00 to 24:00 CEST.
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Geneva Liaison Office (FAO Geneva)
FAO Liaison Offices in Geneva (LOG) and New York (LON) with the Office of Climate Change, Biodiversity and Environment (OCB) hosted a briefing on the role of plastics in agriculture on 3 October 2023 in Palais des Nations. This briefingl discussed the outcomes of the Second Session of the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee on Plastic Pollution (INC-2); informed on the mandate for a zero draft of the Treaty to be prepared by the INC Chair ahead of INC-3, and their implications for the agriculture sector; and explore concrete solutions to address plastic use and waste in agriculture through country examples and best practices.
EIA, CIEL and GRID-Arendal Webinar
The Environmental Investigation Agency, the Center for International Environmental Law and Grid-Arendal hosted a webinar “Aligning the plastics treaty with climate goals: The role of production controls” on 5 October 2023. It provided an overview of different perspectives on how the plastics treaty should align to the climate goals and beyond, and the role and importance of production controls to achieve that.
Global Plastics Summit | Working towards a robust UN plastics treaty
The Global Plastics Summit 2023 is an independent forum facilitated by Economist Impact to build momentum for an ambitious UN plastics treaty. Working groups discussed the issues at the heart of the treaty, and devise creative solutions to the challenges in the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC) process. It took place on 11 and 12 October 2023 in Bangkok, Thailand.
IUCN Plastic Pollution Meeting Series 2023
IUCN and Ubuntoo hosted a webinar “Valorising waste on islands & opportunities for a circular economy” to address its role in the context of the Plastic Treaty on 17 October 2023.
Business Coalition for a Global Plastics Treaty Zero Draft Assessment Webinars
- Webinar 1 | 23 October 2023 | 18:00 – 19:30 CEST
During this webinar, and in preparation to INC-3 in Nairobi, the Business Coalition for a Global Plastics Treaty shared a detailed response to the ‘Zero draft text of the international legally binding instrument on plastic pollution, including in the marine environment
- Webinar 2 | 24 October 2023 | 08:00 CEST
During this webinar, and in preparation to INC-3 in Nairobi, the Business Coalition for a Global Plastics Treaty shared a detailed response to the ‘Zero draft text of the international legally binding instrument on plastic pollution, including in the marine environment’
Report Launch: Addressing Existing Pollution in a Global Agreement on Plastic Pollution
The Ministry of Environment of Denmar hosted an online event to launch of a new report it has commissioned regarding the possible approaches to address existing pollution in a global agreement on plastic pollution.
The report sets out various regulatory options in order to inform the intergovernmental negotiation committee. The event took place on 26 October 2023 from 15:00- 16:00 CET on Zoom.
Plastic Pollution Coalition Webinar | Policy Matters: The UN Global Plastics Treaty
The Plastic Pollution Coalition hosted a webinar to discuss the latest developments in the UN Plastics Treaty negotiations on 26 October 2023 from 23:00 to 24:00 CET. → Find more information
FAO Regional Multi-Stakeholder Consultation for Europe and Central Asia on the development of a Voluntary Code of Conduct on the sustainable use of plastics in Agriculture
FAO is carrying out inclusive consultations with a wide range of stakeholders to develop the VCoC. This consultation brought together representatives from FAO Members and regional experts on plastics used in agriculture from academia, private sector, and NGOs and aims to ensure that the development process of the VCoC is inclusive of regional perspectives and experiences. → Find more information on the background note on the event that took place on 27 October 2023.
Circular City Insights: Global Plastics Treaty (INC-3)
The aim of the webinar is to raise awareness amongst cities and subnational governments on the process being followed by the INC and progress thus far. Importantly, the zero draft which was published on 4 September 2023 was also analyzed, specifically from a cities and sub-national perspective – focusing on implications for all levels of governments, opportunities and exploring how local and subnational governments intervention can enhance the process. The webinar is organized by ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability, together with UNEP, the Quebec Government, UCLG, WWF, C40 and Global Cities Hub – Geneva. The event took place on 31 October 2023.
Ending pellet pollution with the global plastic treaty: From zero draft to zero pellet loss
The second webinar on the Global Plastic Treaty within our ‘Solutions to pellet pollution series’ saw speakers discuss updates since the UN global plastic treaty INC 2 meeting and how the zero draft should lead to zero pellet loss. The event took place on 1 November 2023.
The Role of Judges in addressing Plastic Pollution
The Global Judicial Institute on the Environment (GJIE) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), in cooperation with the IUCN World Commission on Environmental Law (WCEL), the International Council of Environmental Law (ICEL) and the International Association of Judges (IAJ) are pleased to present a high-level virtual dialogue among justices, senior judges and experts from around world to discuss plastic pollution, through an environmental rule of law lens. This event taking place on 8 November 2023aims to highlight the positive impact of the engagement of the judiciary in the drafting of a major multilateral environmental agreement from its inception, as a way to support the forging of consensus and the establishment of better-targeted regulatory frameworks that ensure environmental protection and respect with human rights.
Parallel Events to INC-3
Scaling local solutions to plastic pollution
This collaborative event by WBCSD, EA Earth Action, South Pole and TakaTaka Solutions, organizations working to help achieve global circularity and put an end to the plastics crisis. ‘Scaling local solutions to plastic pollution’ comprises of a site visit to TakaTaka Solutions, a leading recycling facility in Nairobi, Kenya. This provided first hand insights to attendees of how plastic pollution is managed on the ground. The tour was then be followed by a participatory discussion on the private and public sector actions needed to scale up local solutions to plastic pollution globally, including a focus on EPR legislation and corporate accountability with speakers from the government, leading environmental NGOs, and the waste management and corporate sectors. Register to participate on 12 November 2023 in Nairobi.
Resilient Foundation hosted an event using art, dance and film to put human experience at the heart of debates around plastic. It introduced ‘plastic justice’ as a concept and framework for understanding the plastic crisis and its meaning across different contexts and to different people, and how it can be achieved.→ The event took place 13 November 2023 from 17:30 to 20:30 Nairobi Time at Ballpoint Social Club, Village Market Nairobi, Kenya.
Media Advisory: Global South Media Briefing on the Global Plastics Treaty
The Global South delegation put forward its demands to address the entire lifecycle of plastics, overall production reduction, putting a stop on incineration and similar harmful technologies, limiting toxic chemicals in plastics and calling for chemical transparency, a just transition, mandatory Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) based on Zero Waste hierarchy; commitment to put regulations in place to operationalise policies; pushing for more upstream measures; the robust financial mechanism for implementation and the inclusion of Waste Pickers, Indigenous Peoples and Frontline Communities. Under-represented African, Asian and SIDS Countries, Women and Youth. The event took place on 14 November 2023 at 16:00 Nairobi Time at Comfort Gardens Hotel, Township, United Nations Cres, Nairobi, Kenya, and on Zoom
International Geneva at INC-3
As a global hub for environmental governance, in particular for chemicals and waste issue, Geneva hosts many organizations whose work is highly relevant for the development of a new instrument on plastic pollution. Learn more about the organizations active in Geneva to tackle the plastic crisis through our Plastics and the Environment special section on “Addressing the Plastic Crisis from Geneva”. As we head toward INC-3, we will highlight activities, documents and resources related specifically to this meeting below.
Highly engaged in the process, actors and stakeholders from International Geneva have provided written submissions on (a) elements not discussed at INC-2, such as principles and scope of the instrument: Business Coalition for a Global Plastics Treaty | CIEL (Definitions compilation) | IATA | ILO | ISO | ITUC | IUCN | OHCHR | Scientists Coalition for an Effective Plastics Treaty | UNDRR | WBCSD | WHO ; and (b) any potential areas for inter-sessional work compiled by the cofacilitators of the two contact groups, to inform the work of INC-3: Business Coalition for a Global Plastics Treaty | Secretariat of the Basel, Rotterdam and Stockholm Conventions| CIEL | CIEL, WCEL and IUCN |Forum on Trade, Environment & the SDGs (TESS) | Geneva Cities Hub | ISO | IUCN | Scientists’ Coalition for an Effective Plastics Treaty (Scientists’ Coalition) | UNITAR | WHO
Additional Resources and News Ahead INC-3
- ‘Get Out of Jail Free’ | How plastics offsetting is giving industry a licence to pollute | Source Material | 13 November 2023
- The World Is Choking on Plastic Pollution. Can Countries Find a Fix? | Bloomberg | 13 November 2023
- Countries meet in Kenya to thrash out global plastic pollution treaty | The Guardian | 13 November 2023
- ‘We can’t carry on’: the godfather of microplastics on how to stop them| The Guardian | 13 November 2023
- Information submitted by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights and the International Labour Organization | OHCHR and ILO | 12 November 2023
- IPCP Policy Brief: Conflicts of Interest in the Assessment of Plastics | IPCP | 10 November 2023
- Conflicts of Interest in the Assessment of Chemicals, Waste, and Pollution | Andreas Schäffer et al.| Environ. Sci. Technol | 9 November 2023
- Towards Eliminating Plastic Pollution by 2040. A Policy Scenario Analysis (Interim Findings) | OECD | November 2023
- INC-3 Booklet | Global Alliance for Incinerator Alternatives | 9 November 2023
- A tale of two treaties — On the procedural woes of the plastics treaty negotiations and why they matter | Magnus Løvold | 9 November 2023
- Scientists caution against a reliance on mechanical devices to clear water bodies of plastic | University of Plymouth | 9 November 2023
- Moving from symptom management to upstream plastics prevention: The fallacy of plastic cleanup technology | Melanie Bergmann, Hans Peter H. Arp, Bethanie Carney Almroth et al. | One Health | 9 November 2023
- Preparatory Materials for the Plastics Treaty INC-3 (November 2023) | CIEL
- Annotated Zero Draft of the Plastics Treaty | CIEL | 8 November 2023
- Compilation of IUCN WCEL Briefings for Negotiators for INC-3 | IUCN WCEL | 8 November 2023
- Science-Policy Interface for Plastic Pollution | GRID-Arendal | 7 November 2023
- Implementation, Compliance, and Reporting: Key Elements to Consider in the Context of a Treaty to End Plastic Pollution | CIEL | 7 November 2023
- Who pays for plastic pollution? | Towards a Treaty to End Plastic Pollution | WWF | 7 November 2023
- Zero Draft Elements | GRID-Arendal | 6 November 2023
- High Ambition Coalition Ministerial Joint Statement for INC-3 | 3 November 2023
- Zero Draft Response | Scientists’ Coalition for an Effective Plastics Treaty | 3 November 2023
- Plastics treaty text must center ecosystems | Ina Tessnow-Von Wysocki, Mengjiao Wang, Carmen Caselles et al. | Science | 2 November 2023
- The economic impact of plastic pollution, and the benefits of reducing mismanaged waste | IUCN | 2 November 2023
- Redirecting financial flows to end plastic pollution | | UNEP FI and Minderoo Foundation | 31 October 2023
- Leading financial institutions input into next round of negotiations to redirect finance to end plastic pollution | UNEP FI and Minderoo Foundation | 31 October 2023
- Towards a Just Transition Away from Plastic Pollution | Scientists’ Coalition for an Effective Plastics Treaty | 31 October 2023
- Unproved “Advanced Recycling” Facilities Have Recycled Millions in Public Subsidies | The Intercept | 31 October 2023
- Chemical Recycling: A Dangerous Deception | IPEN and Beyond Plastics | 30 October 2023
- Plastics treaty negotiators must have access to the latest science: Global Plastics Summit | Back to Blue Initiative | October 2023
- High-stakes treaty negotiations expose the challenge of just transition in the plastics sector | Equality Times| 30 October 2023
- Global Plastic Laws
- INC-3: Time to Raise Ambition | WWF | October 2023
- Possible Approaches to Addressing Existing Plastic Pollution in an International Treaty | Ministry of Environment of Denmark | October 2023
- The Plastic Pollution Fee: Outlining the options ahead of INC-3 | Minderoo Foundation | October 2023
- Tackling Subsidies for Plastic Production: Key Considerations for the Plastics Treaty Negotiations | CIEL | October 2023
- IPEN Quick Views: INC-3 Regional Consultations | IPEN | October 2023
- Bridging the Basel Convention Gaps with the Future Plastics Treaty | EIA | 18 October 2023
- The global plastics treaty: why is it needed? | Philip Landrigan, Christos Symeonides, Hervé Raps and
Sarah Dunlop | The Lancet | 17 October 2023
- Corporate interests and the UN treaty on plastic pollution: neglecting lessons from the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control | Rob Ralston, Giulia Carlini, Paula Johns et al. | The Lancet | 4 October 2023
- Global Plastics Treaty: Initial Considerations for INC-3 | Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA) | 13 October 2023
- The UN Plastics Treaty must not become hostage to geopolitics | Amy Youngman, Environmental Investigation Agency | 28 September 2023
- Standards and Related Initiatives in International Cooperation to End Plastic Pollution: Mapping and State of Play | TESS and ISO | 28 September 2023
- Reducing Plastic Production to Achieve Climate Goals: Key Considerations for the Plastics Treaty Negotiations| CIEL | 25 September 2023
- The global plastics treaty: What is the role of bio-based plastic, biodegradable plastic and bioplastic? | Scientists Coalition for an Effective Plastics Treaty
- Mismanaged Plastic Levels Could Almost Double Unless Action Is Taken | Forbes | 20 September 2023
- Towards Ending Plastic Pollution by 2040 | 15 Global Policy Interventions for Systems Change | Nordic Council of Ministers | 19 September 2023
- G20 New Delhi Leaders’ Declaration ( Commitment to End Plastic Pollution) | 10 September 2023
- Preparatory Materials for the Plastics Treaty INC-3 | CIEL | 22 August 2023
- AMCEN 2023: Africa’s Ministers of Environment Must Push for a Strong Africa Position on the Global Plastic Treaty | Greenpeace Africa | 16 August 2023
Who To Follow on Twitter
- Jyoti Mathur-Filipp, Executive Secretary, Secretariat for the Plastics INC | @MathurFilipp
- INC Chair, Gustavo Meza-Cuadra Velásquez from Peru | @GustavoMezaCua1
- High Ambition Coalition to End Plastic Pollution | @HACplastic
- Center for International Environment Law | @CIEL_tweets | Andrés Del Castillo | Giulia Carlini | Carroll Muffett | Jane Patton | Rachel Radvany | David Azoulay
- International Union for Conservation of Nature | @IUCN_Plastics
- International Pollutants Elimination Network | @ToxicsFree | Vito A. Buonsante
- Break Free From Plastic | @brkfreeplastic
- Environmental Investigation Agency | @EIA_news | Christina Dixon
- International Alliance of Waste Pickers | @globalrec_org
- Scientists engaged in plastics research & INC process | Zhanyun Wang | Steve and Deonie Allen | Bethanie Carney Almroth | Scientists’ Coalition for Effective PlasticsTreaty | Idun Rognerud | Marina Fernandez
- Business Coalition for a Global Plastics Treaty | @WWF & Ellen MacArthur Foundation @circulareconomy
- Inger Andersen, Executive Director, UNEP | @andersen_inger
- Basel, Rotterdam and Stockholm Conventions | @brsmeas